Cappadocia has hundreds of cave churches with beautiful fresco paintings from the 9th and 10th centuries. Byzantine Christians carved these monasteries and churches as sacred spaces to worship Jesus.
For overviews, read about the meaning of painted icons, cave architecture, and monasticism. Or read about individual cave churches in Göreme, Ihlara, Soğanlı, Red Valley, Мustafapaşa & Ürgüp, Zelve, and other places.

Paintings & Icons

Learn the meaning and styles of the painted frescos.

Cave Architecture

Learn the meaning and forms of Cappadocia’s unique cave architecture.


Learn about the lifestyle and spirituality of ancient monks.


Göreme Open Air Museum and neighboring valleys features the best cave churches in Cappadocia.

Ihlara Valley

A beautiful Cappadocian valley with a rushing river and unique cave churches.

Red Valley

A surreal valley near Göreme with stunning rock formations and cave churches.


An open valley with cave churches and settlements.